Many women considering birth control may learn more about a solution known as the IUD, which is an acronym for intra-uterine device. This is a popular birth control option for many of the women in the Houston, TX, area who are seeking a long-term yet reversible solution to avoid pregnancy.
What is an IUD?
The IUD device is a small, T-shaped item that is inserted into your uterus to prevent pregnancy. IUDs are one of the more effective methods of birth control, with a failure rate of less than 1%.
What types of IUDs are used at Northwest Women’s Center?
There are two types of IUDs available in the United States: the copper IUD and the IUD using hormones. The copper IUD works by slowly releasing small amounts of the element copper into the uterus, which is toxic to sperm and prevents them from fertilizing an egg. The hormonal IUD, on the other hand, works by releasing smaller amounts of the hormone progestin into the uterus, which thickens the mucus of the cervix and prevents the sperm from actually reaching an egg.
How long does an IUD last?
IUDs are a long-term form of birth control and can be left in place for up to 12 years. They are also reversible, meaning they can be removed at any time if you wish to become pregnant.
What are the pros of IUDs?
The main advantage of IUDs is their high efficacy rate in preventing pregnancy. Other advantages include the fact that they are long-acting and reversible and do not require daily attention like other forms of birth control.
What are the cons of IUDs?
Disadvantages of IUDs include the fact that they require a trip to the doctor for insertion and removal, and there is a small risk of pelvic infection after insertion. Some women also experience irregular bleeding or spotting with an IUD.
Schedule an appointment today!
If you are considering using an IUD for birth control, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons to get a better understanding of the IUD is the right solution for your lifestyle and needs. If you reside in the Houston, TX community and are seeking a team of providers who offer sexual and reproductive health services, connect with Northwest Women’s Center by calling 281-444-3440 to request an appointment at our office.